dark matter and Galactic magnetic fields
A galaxy is made up of a collection of stars that are gravitationally bound and therefore do not spread outside the realm of the galaxy. The stars are gravitationally bound as a result of a magnetic field that holds the stars inside the galaxy and prevents them from escaping the galaxy. However, evolutionist astronomers do not know what could cause a galactic magnetic field despite the fact that these magnetic fields have been detected for over 100 years. Mainstream astronomers simply cannot explain the origin of galactic magnetic fields by natural forces and propose that "dark matter" holds the stars in a galaxy together. While dark matter is predicted in mathematical models, it has not been detected or observed. In fact, some scientists are not sure if dark matter exists at all. Those that do believe that dark matter could be composed of a yet-discovered type of atomic particle. However, dark matter has not been detected directly yet, but it is believed to make up 85 percent of the matter in the universe and 68 percent of the energy of the universe is believed to be composed of dark energy. Scientists believe that dark matter exists because astrophysical observations and gravitational effects cannot be explained by current theories of gravity unless there is more matter than observed. In other words, the scientists' theoretical models show that there is much more mass in the universe, but this mass cannot be detected or observed with current astrophysical equipment. Scientists call this "missing mass" in the universe dark matter. Specifically, dark matter does not interact with observable electromagnetic radiation including light and is invisible to the entire electromagnetic spectrum, making dark matter very difficult to detect. The concept of dark matter illustrates that there is so much that is unknown about the universe and its origin. Scientists have admitted that dark matter violates the current known laws of gravity. In observed galaxies, dark matter does not concentrate at the center of the galaxy as it should under current known laws of gravity and commonly concentrates in the outer areas. Standard models of galaxy formation say that matter should condense at the center of the galaxy and not in the outer edges. In other areas, dark matter occurs uniformly distributed over a large area, which defies the laws of gravity that say that matter should condense in density toward the center of a large concentration of matter. Dark matter does not behave as normal matter does and does not follow the known laws of gravitation. The dilemma of dark matter shows that the universe is a unique creation and cannot be explained by standardized mainstream models of formation.