mesopotamia, One of the first civilizations after the flood
Mesopotamia was located between the Tigris and Euphrates River Valleys, which run parallel to each other from Eastern Turkey and run southward until emptying into the Persian Gulf. These two river valleys are not the same as the ones connected to the Garden of Eden where Adam and Eve lived. That world was destroyed by the Flood and the current Tigris and Euphrates Rivers were named after the original rivers. No one knows the location of the first Tigris and Euphrates River valleys or the Garden of Eden. The civilizations along the Tigris and Euphrates rivers were among the first to be established after the Flood, which was around 5,000 to 4,500 years ago. As Noah’s Ark landed in eastern Turkey in the Ararat Region, the descendants of Noah’s family likely travelled down these rivers and developed the first known civilizations along these two rivers. The Mesopotamia region was also part of an arc shaped region stretching from the Mediterranean Sea, Palestine, and the Persian Gulf known as the Fertile Crescent, as this land was extremely fertile as a result of the rich soils produced by the two river valleys. The fertile soils made the Mesopotamian region very wealthy and allowed the cities along these rivers to prosper. Main cities in Mesopotamia were Eridu, Ur, and Urak. The Sumerians or southern Mesopotamians were farmers and traders, in addition to blacksmiths, and producers of textiles and pottery. Southern Mesopotamia or Sumer developed first and later upstream civilizations arose. The Mesopotamians built ziggurat buildings out of bricks, while a few buildings were built from stone or wood. The Mesopotamians had advanced tools, weapons, and technology that was used in agriculture and in writing some of the first written documents in the world. In addition to the development of agriculture after the Flood, Mesopotamia is known for developing the wheel, written script, literature, and advances in mathematics and science. The wheel was likely invented for use as a pottery wheel and not for vehicles but that use would be developed later. Developments of the first written documents and advances in science and mathematics were attributed to the Mesopotamians, but other ancient cultures that spread from the Tower of Babel also developed these things around the same time, including Egypt, Elam (pre-Iran), India (Indus River Valley), and the Chinese along the Yellow and Yangtze River Valleys. The development of an advanced civilization so soon after the Flood and at approximately the same time as half-a-dozen other advanced civilizations in different places in the world shows that man is capable of creating advanced civilizations quickly and that hundreds of thousands of years are not needed to describe the history of human civilization.